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Anglo-Saxon BeestonNames A to DNames E to MNames N to WGlossaryBibliography
Beeston Place & Field Names

Roads, Tracks, etcPre-EnclosureField Positions
Maps & Tables

Glossary of the Elements in Beestonís Place and Field Names - by Ivan Morrell



Abbreviations
E.MOD.EEarly Modern EnglishL.Latin
LL.Late LatinM.E.Middle English
MED.L.Medieval LatinMOD.E.Modern English
O.E.Old EnglishF.French
O.F.Old FrenchO.Scan.Old Scandinavian

ĀcO.E.oak tree
ÆcerO.E.plot or strips of cultivated or arable land, acre
ÆscO.E.ash tree
AkrO.Scandplot of cultivated land
AssartO.F.normally woodland cleared for cultivation not yet incorporated into the main arable land
BalcO.E.baulk, bank, ridge
BēosO.E.bent grass
BereærnO.E.store[śrn] where barley[bere] was kept
BirceO.E.birch tree
BirkiO.Scandbirch tree
BlæcO.E.black, fertile
BlāwanO.E.to blow, exposed
BloM.E.bleak, exposed, blow
BrādO.E.broad, spacious, wide, ample
BrērO.E.brier, bramble
BrōcO.E.brook
BrōmO.E.broom, brushwood
BrycgO.E.bridge
BryneO.E.burning, fire, burn
BurgO.E.fortification
BuskrO.Scandbush
ButtucO.E.end, small piece of land
ByttO.E.small piece of land
CiriceO.E.church
ClifO.E.cliff, rock, steep slope
ClosO.F.enclosed or hedged land within the open field system, a close
ColO.E.coal
CommunO.F.common
CoppO.E.hilltop
CoroneO.F.crown
CorniereO.F.corner
CotO.E.cottage, dwelling, den
CrāwaO.E.crow, raven
CrocodO.E.crooked, bent
CroftO.E.enclosure, small enclosed field or plot of land
CrosO.E.cross
CruxL.cross
O.E.cow
CumbO.E.short broad valley usually with bowl shaped sides
Cutt.probably an O.Scand loan word, meaning either a division or a water channel
Cyte O.E. cottage, hut, cabin, cell, cubicle
DālO.E.portion, part, share
DēorO.E.animal, beast, a deer
DenaO.E.dane
DennO.E.woodland pasture, especially for swine
DenuO.E.valley
DīcO.E.ditch, dike
DocceO.E.dock plant, sorrel
DritO.Scanddirt, excrement
DūfeO.E.dove
DykeO.Scandditch, dyke
EaldO.E.old
EndeO.E.a seat, corner
EngO.Scandmeadow
EikO.Scandoak tree
ĒastO.E.east
FaldO.E.pen, animal enclosure
FeldO.E.open country, tract of land cleared of trees
FēorrO.E.far, remote, distant
FlatrO.Scandflat, level
FljotO.E.a rivulet, a stream
FolaO.E.foal, a young horse
FordO.E.ford
ForðO.E.forwards, onwards, forth
FroggaO.E.frog
FurhO.E.furrow, trench
FurlangO.E. length of a furrow, furlong
GāraO.E.triangular, pointed, a point of land
GataO.Scandroad
Gate.late 16th Century northern term - the right to a run or pasturage for a cow, horse etc
GeardO.E.yard, enclosure
GeatO.E.gate, door, opening, way through, pass
GemæreO.E.boundary
GemotO.E.assembly, court, meeting place
GēotanO.E.flow, gush, flood
GlædO.E.gleaming, bright, clear, later glade a woodland clearing
GleðaO.N.kite
GlidaO.E.kite
GorsO.E.gorse
GotuO.E.water channel
GōsO.E.goose
GouletF.water channel
GraveleO.F.gravel
GreneO.E.green
HægO.E.enclosure
HafriO.Scand.oats
HainingO.Scand.a piece of meadow
HalhO.E.nook or corner of land
HangianO.E.hang, suspend, a slope
HaugrO.Scandhill, mound, tumulus
HassucO.E.course grass
HeafodO.E.head
HeafodlandO.E.headland
HeallO.E.hall, dwelling
HendeM.E.at hand, near
HōhO.E.heel or spur of projecting land
HolhO.E.hole, hollow
HolmO.E. island, raised and dryer ground in a marsh or river side meadow
HolmrO.Scand
HoltO.E.wood, thicket
HorsO.E.horse
HūsO.E.house
HwītO.E.white, bright, glistening, infertile
HwæteO.E.wheat, corn
HweteO.E.whetstone
HyllO.E.hyll
HyrstO.E. wooded hillock or hillside
IntakM.E.a piece of land taken in from moorland
KartrO.Scandcart
Kirkja/KirkO.Scandchurch
KrokrO.Scand.crooked, angled
Land/LondO.E.land, earth, a ridge in a ploughed strip
LangO.E.long
LanuO.E.lane, street
LēahO.E.woodland clearing or glade, later a meadow
LytelO.E.little
Mædwe O.E.meadow
MealtO.E.steeped grain, malt
MercatusL.to trade, a market
MereO.E.meer, pool, lake
MicelO.E.much, many, great
MiddelO.E.middle
MōrO.E.moor, usually low-lying wetlands or marsh or boggy uplands
MuckleM.E.much, great amount, later dialect version of Micel, Muckle is the slightly larger amount when used alongside Micel
MoldeO.E.mould, sand, dust, earth
NæpO.E.turnip
NiðeraO.E.lower, under, lowest
NookM.E.a sheltered or secluded corner of land
OferO.E.over, above, on high, on the other side of
Orceard / OrtgeardO.E.orchard, garden
PasturaL.pasture
PennO.E.animal enclosure, pen
PersonaMed. L.parish priest
PlāgaLL.plague, pestulence
PōlO.E.pool
PundfaldO.E.pinfold, enclosure for stray animals
PurplO.E.purple
PyttO.E.pit, hole
Ræw/RawO.E.row, line, hedgerow
RetM.E. of Germanic originto moisten or soak
Rod/RoduO.E.clearing
RōdO.E.rood, a land measurement of a square rod, or a quarter of an acre
RūhO.E.rough
RygeO.E.rye
RysceO.E.rush
SandO.E.sand, gravel
ScealdO.E.thin layer, shallow
Scēla*O.E.temporary hut or shed
ScinbānO.E.shinbone
ScortO.E.short
SeolferO.E.silver
SetlO.E.seat
SettecoppeM.E.seat shaped hillside
SkaliO.Scandtemporary hut or shed
SīcO.E.stream
SīkO.Scandstream
SkrabbeO.Scandcrabapple
SlakkiO.Scandshallow valley
SmælO.E.thin, slender, narrow
StæfO.E.staff, post
StānO.E.stone
StaupO.Scandstoop, slope
StēapO.E.precipitous, steep
SticceO.E.a piece of land
StrætO.E.street, main thoroughfare
StreawO.E.straw
StīgO.E.ascending narrow pathway
StŪgrO.Scand
StōdO.E.stud
StūpianO.E.stoop, slope
SunuO.E.son
TādeO.E.toad
TeoðaO.E.a tenth part
TōhO.E.tough, sticky
ToliO.Scandpersonal name - a shortened or pet form of Thorliefr
ToteO.E.watch, look out, stick out
TrēowO.E.tree
TūnO.E.an enclosure, farmstead, village, manor, estate
TwiceneO.E.originally a fork in a road, a forked way
TwitchellM.E.a narrow passage between two walls or edges
þorn/ÐornO.E.thorn
VangrO.Scand.originally a piece of unenclosed land in an open field system, the name later applied just to a meadow
VrangrO.Scandcrooked
WæterO.E.water
WādO.E.woad
WegO.E.direction, path, road, way
WeligO.E.willow
WēodO.E.weed
WestO.E.west
WiellO.E.to well up, a spring
WrangO.E.wrong, rough, uneven
WulflafestūnO.E.Wulflāfís farm, modern Wollaton, Wulflāf is an Anglo-Saxon personal name meaning wolf descendant
Wyrt / WortO.E.plant
* postulated form

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